What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and ecosystems. (Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992)
What is Agrobiodiversity?
Agrobiodiversity, or agricultural biodiversity, includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture: the variety and variability of plants, animals and micro-organisms at genetic, species and ecosystem level which are necessary to sustain key functions in the agro-ecosystem, its structures and processes.
What is the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture?
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is an international agreement which not only guarantees the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources, but also the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of their use, including any monetary benefits of commercialization.
More information can be found on the Treaty’s website.
What do we mean when we talk about Germplasm?
Germplasm is the sum total of all hereditary material in a single (interbreeding) species. Genebanks play an important role in storing, maintaining and distributing plant genetic material by keeping and properly managing crop germplasm as seeds, seedling and even plant parts. Each genotype stored is called an accession.
More information can be found e.g. on the Crop Genebank Knowledge Base.